A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers ( P = 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.
The brand new prevalence of youthfulness carrying excess fat is actually emerging since the a primary health situation ( Site Reilly 1 ) . In several training, a poor otherwise You-shaped relationship between sleep course and you will pounds position has been seen inside kids ( Resource Taveras, Rifas-Shiman and you can Oken 2 ) , students ( Source Cappuccio, Taggart and you may Kandala 3 , Source Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and Bielfeldt cuatro ) , teenagers ( Reference Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and you will Bielfeldt 4 , Reference Garaulet, Ortega and you may Ruiz 5 ) and you may grownups ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and Kandala step 3 , Source Chaput, Despres and Bouchard 6 ) . Furthermore, meta-analyses examining study out of studies in kids have determined that less bed period is actually of the highest likelihood of carrying excess fat ( Site Cappuccio, Taggart and you can Kandala 3 ) . This may have long-name implications ( Resource Landhuis, Poulton and you can Welch 7 ) because recording out of over weight out-of youthfulness to adulthood happens ( Source Wright, Emmett and you will Ness 8 ) , and therefore improving the likelihood of development certain low-communicable infection, because the fat was regarding the certain non-communicable sickness ( Reference Lloyd, Langley-Evans and you can McMullen 9 ) . The possibility influence out of reduced bed period to your weight harmony is not comprehended. You to definitely you can easily hidden components is the fact shorter bed course makes an enthusiastic affect the latest hormones control out of cravings. In fact, insufficient sleep could have been advertised to reduce leptin levels, boost ghrelin accounts, transform glucose homeostasis, and turn on the latest orexin program ( Resource Spiegel, Tasali and you may Leproult 10 ) . In addition, less bed course might also bring overindulging and you can putting on weight of the improving the date readily available for eating, especially in the night where inactive facts, for example viewing television, and you will snacking into extremely palatable and effort-heavy foods are typical ( Reference Chaput, Klingenberg and you may Astrup eleven ) .
Relationship between sleep stage and weight reduction consumption from inside the cuatro- in order to fourteen-year-old Danish pupils
When shortened sleep cycle results in sleepiness and you will/otherwise exhaustion during day this could limit the inspiration for being actually productive and you will render inactive behaviours rather. This has therefore recently been speculated that there’s a link between sleep period, Bmi and you may exercise; although not, is a result of studies about that was basically contradictory ( Site Garaulet, Ortega and you will Ruiz 5 , Site Ortega, Ruiz and Labayen twelve ) . Never assume all studies have tested new relationship anywhere between bed stage and you will weightloss quality ( Site Maddah, Rashidi and you will Mohammadpour 13 – Reference Westerlund, Beam and you may www.datingranking.net/es/lds-singles-review Roos fifteen ) . This dilemma is especially relevant regarding a general public health view because the enhanced time consumption appears to be the absolute most probable need because the so you’re able to why children that have reduced bed years has a high exposure of becoming heavy.